Bookmark this page as we update often! The Exclusively Cats Veterinary Hospital blog features our Cat of the Month, interesting cases, and important information about the care of your cat.
Mr. A's Surgery - 03/25/2019
We know how everyone loves to hear
about Mr. A and Mr. B, so we thought we would share with you something about
what's been going on with Mr. A, lately. We had been monitoring some weight
loss over the past few weeks. Then we started noticing that he was acting
aggressive towards Mr. B. Suddenly, about three weeks ago, we noticed that his
urine started smelling strangely like an un-neutered male cat's urine (if you
have never smelled it, un-neutered male cat urine smells very distinct: VERY
strong and stinky), and he started urinating inappropriately. We were concerned
that he had circulating testosterone in his system, which a neutered cat should
not have. This led us to believe that he had something wrong with his adrenal
We took some x-rays and drew some
blood, and then looked at his penis under anesthesia. Why would we do that? You
may not know this but un-neutered male cats have tiny barbs on their penises,
kind of like the barbs they have on their tongues. These barbs disappear when a
cat is neutered (or never develop, if they are neutered before maturity). Sure
enough, Mr. A had developed barbs on his penis. Since his neuter surgery was
uncomplicated and straightforward, we knew that he should not have testosterone
in his system to produce these symptoms, this suggested even more strongly that
he had a malfunctioning adrenal gland. His testosterone test results were the
same as an intact male cat's. We then performed an abdominal ultrasound and
found a small mass near his kidney that should not have been there.
A week ago, we scheduled him for
surgery. During the procedure, we found evidence of recent bleeding or
hemorrhage in the retroperitoneal space (a pocket around the kidney and adrenal
gland). The bleeding became active during the surgery, and to control the hemorrhage,
we performed a blood transfusion and removed the kidney that was associated
with the affected adrenal gland. This was done to remove all of the abnormal
vessels and adrenal tissue associated with the mass. It appeared that Dr. Bailey
was able to remove the entire mass. Now that Mr. A has had a transfusion, he
has sadly been removed from the blood donor list because his blood has been
sensitized to blood proteins from another cat. This means that his blood is likely
to destroy the red cells of a blood recipient.
The pathologist at our reference lab
examined the mass for us and reported an unusual result. He could not see any
evidence of tumor, but reported that the mass displayed signs of infarction –
dead tissue due to a loss of blood supply. This infarct may have destroyed any
sign of a tumor, or there may be a problem elsewhere in the body. Certainly, we
don’t know at this point what caused the infarct, which means the outlook on
his health is unknown. Right now, he is doing well, and recovering. Our staff
is impatiently waiting while the pathologist takes a closer look at his biopsy
samples in the hopes that he can give us more information.
De-stressing your cat's veterinary visit - 11/05/2018
The thought of your cat's annual exam shouldn't make you both want to hide under a towel!
At Exclusively Cats Veterinary
Hospital, we know how stressful it can be for your cat to come visit us. We
also know, that what stresses your cat also stresses YOU! You want to take the
best care of your cat that you can, but you sometimes wonder if all the crying
during the car ride, or the hissing in the exam room is worth it. We get that.
We don’t like to see your cat stressed out, and we don’t want you to be
stressed during your visit, either.
However, regular exams with your veterinarian
are so important, especially as your cat ages. There are common diseases in
older cats that can sometimes be difficult to pick up on at home due to their
subtle signs. That’s where your veterinarian comes in! A complete, whisker to
tail physical examination will help reveal some of those elusive signs, and
your conversation with the veterinary team will help pick up on other signs,
such as increased vomiting, increased or decreased energy, night-time howling, bigger
urine clumps, and increased thirst in your cat; these are all signs of common
diseases in older cats such as diabetes mellitus, hyperthyroidism, and chronic
Even if your cat is indoors, he or
she still needs to visit the veterinarian. Indoor cats can still get
fleas, are still at risk for heartworm disease, and still may be exposed to
rabies if a bat enters your home. If you have a kitten, he or she may need to
visit every few weeks for the first few months, in order to get booster
vaccines. Between 2-8 years of age, a visit every year is typically sufficient,
if your cat is indoor only. However, as your cat approaches 8-9 years of age,
ideally those visits should be twice a year. We recommend checking patients’
blood pressure at least twice yearly, as some patients with hypertension can
display signs of retinal damage after only a few weeks of chronic high blood
pressure. After all, the sooner we pick up on medical problems, the sooner we
can treat it and the better the prognosis!
most of our feline patients, our Feline Friendly Handling Guidelines allow us to
perform exams and treatments with limited stress. A calm and quiet environment,
skilled and gentle handling, knowledge of feline behavior and body language, Feliway
diffusers in the exam room that give off calming pheromones, warm towels, and
making slow, steady movements all help provide an environment most likely to
make a cat feel safe. But some cats are so stressed by any part of the whole
experience that they go into defensive mode for self-protection.
are some great tips to help decrease the stress you and your cat experience
when you visit:
Conquer the Carrier Crisis
Many dogs enjoy getting in the car
and going for a ride because they never know if they are going to the pet
store, grandma’s house, the dog park, or McDonald’s for a hamburger! On the
other hand, most cats only see the carrier when it’s time to see the vet, which
makes it a doubly scary thing.
You're never too young to learn about the carrier!
If you start acclimating your cat to the carrier when they are young, you may
be able to make your cat like the carrier right away, but even older cats can
learn to fear the carrier less if you let them get used to the idea. The best
carriers are those that can have the top removed by unclasping it or unzipping,
so the cat can be examined in the carrier if they want (more on that, later!). If
you start weeks prior to your annual visit by introducing the bottom half of
your carrier in a room that your cat likes to spend time in, your cat will
start to see it as less of a threat.
Offer your cat a bowl of delicious food or
special treats in the carrier to encourage him to inspect the carrier at his
leisure. Replace the food and treats daily. Once your cat is going into the
carrier willingly, you can try putting the carrier back together, and let him
get used to entering the full carrier. Then, encourage him to enter a carrier,
close the door and carry him on a lap of the house. Gradually work your way up
to taking short rides in the car, always starting by encouraging, not shoving,
your cat into the carrier. Always give abundant encouragement with treats, calm
words and snuggles afterwards (and during the process).
Another thing that you can do to
help make the carrier less stressful is to spray Feliway onto a blanket you
place inside to make your cat comfortable about 15 minutes prior to encouraging
your cat into the carrier for travel. You can also cover the carrier with
another blanket to help block scary sights and smells as you travel to the
hospital. Cats are very fond of the philosophy “what I can’t see doesn’t
Grab the Gabapentin
Gabapentin generally calms but does not fully sedate cats
Another tool that you can use to
help your anxious cat de-stress is a medication called gabapentin. This
medication is used in human medicine for neuropathic pain, and is also an anti-seizure
medication. It is also an excellent, gentle, and safe sedative for cats. A nice
bonus is that gabapentin is a flavorless powder inside a capsule, which can be
opened and mixed into some canned food 1-2 hours prior to the appointment and
most cats will just eat it right up along with the food. For most cats, 100mg
prior to the appointment is all they need, while others only need 50mg. Some
cats benefit from a dose the night before the appointment in addition to the
dose prior to the appointment. Side effects are mild, including excess
salivation and sedation, and these will wear off in 6-8 hours after the dose of
medication. For some people, gabapentin is also a nice solution for those cats
that will not allow nail trims or grooming at home!
We want to emphasize that gabapentin is not just for cats that show their teeth
and claws at the hospital – cats that are anxious or vocal in the car, those
that urinate or defecate in their carrier, or scratch their face and tear their
nails on the carrier doors, trying to escape, even cats that lead you on a
merry chase around the house when they sense it is time to go to the vet – any
cat could benefit from this anti-anxiety medication. They may still not be
happy about coming, and are probably never going to feel like our office is
their favorite place, but the whole ordeal will be less traumatic – both for
them and for you!
Deliver Delicious Delicacies
You may want to bring your cat with
a good appetite! Not only will that help if your cat gets car sick (motion
sickness), but it’ll allow us to shower your cat with his or her favorite
treats during the veterinary visit (as long as it’s not medically
contraindicated - occasionally some tests do require fasting). Personally, we find that Friskies Party Mix, canned tuna and Fancy
Feast are a hit in the veterinary clinic. We have recently had some success
with INABA Churu grain-free lickable cat treats, as well, which is a meat
flavored puree in a tube (kind of like kitty GoGurt). Just in case, we welcome
you to bring your favorite snacks too!
If you have questions or concerns about the level of stress your cat experiences before, during or after his or her visit, don't hesitate to call our office at 248-666-5287 and ask us how you can help make things easier for both you and your cat so that they can get the crucial health care they need.
Case Report: Cessna - His tail's not all it's cracked up to be... - 07/10/2017
This handsome 8 year old came to see us for the first time
in May, this year, with a particular tale to tell. His owners had found him on
April 18th, with an injured tail and a trail of blood through the
house, leading back to their daughter’s bedroom and under her bed, where he
loved to sleep. His owners had no idea what could have happened to his tail.
Cessna's damaged tail bone
They rushed him to a veterinary hospital on emergency basis and they repaired
the injury by amputating the injured tip of his tail. About a month later, he
returned to the hospital, having traumatized it again. He had been wearing an Elizabethan
collar all the time and still managed to injure himself.In addition, he was hiding, no longer social
and good natured. It was recommended that the rest of his tail be amputated.
Cessna’s family was uncertain that was what they wanted to do, so they brought
him to Exclusively Cats Veterinary Hospital for a second opinion.
On May 24th, there was no sign of infection, and the tail tip seemed
to be healing well, so we re-bandaged it and attempted to manage his apparent chronic
pain with a prescription for Tramadol. At this visit (and previously, at the
other veterinary hospital), Cessna was notably quite grumpy and intolerant of
Cessna's new, short tail
Cessna’s hind end was very sensitive and his owners were not
able to look at his tail at home, and was also very difficult to medicate.
On May 30th he managed to remove his bandage and get at his tail,
again. On June 16th, Cessna’s family found a tick on him and wanted
to have us look at him. He had been doing well on the Tramadol, but still
seemed bothered by his tail. At least, however, he was not attacking it
anymore. On the ride into the hospital, he started attacking his tail again,
and urinated and defecated on himself. His family was distraught because they
felt that he was miserable and could not live with this issue. They wondered if
he needed his entire tail amputated. We took x-rays of the tip of his tail, and
it appeared that due to his attacks, he had either exposed a sliver of bone, or
some nerve tissue or tendons. At this time, his owners opted to pursue another
tail amputation, and another 2 inches of tail needed to be removed. The concern
about amputating completely was that if the entire tail was removed and he was
still painful, he might start attacking his hindquarters and cause irreparable
damage to himself. We applied a pain patch, gave him a mild sedative, an epidural, and a cocktail of other pain medications. He recovered from surgery
well, and we sent him home on phenobarbital for pain control, sedation, and
suppression of hyperesthesia-like symptoms.
Abnormal bone-like material in one of the tail joints
He went home again, but went into hiding. He started attacking his tail again
on the 18th. His appetite decreased and started trying to bite his
mom when she medicated him. He hid under the bed and defecated on himself when
his family members tried to get him out from under the bed.
Cessna was a little embarrassed by his Thundershirt, at first...
His family was beginning to lose hope. Cessna was miserable, and they wondered
if it wouldn’t be kinder to euthanize him. He was no longer the loving cat they had known, and he seemed to be in constant pain and distress for no known reason.
We examined his tail again and reviewed the x-rays from the previous hosptal and discovered an abnormal joint much closer to the base of
the tail that did not flex as nicely as the rest. We x-rayed the area and discovered a very small round mineralized object located in the joint space
between two tail vertebrae. This is likely abnormal bony growth due to arthritis. Because it is located between two vertebrae, it likely sends shooting pain down the length of the spine whenever he moves his tail. Since the pain was radiating down the length of the tail, Cessna was
attacking the part of his tail that he could easily reach, and not the
area that was causing the pain.
We amputated the tail behind the affected joint, leaving about 3-4 inches of tail for him to wave, and crossed
our fingers. He received another pain patch, a local nerve block and was
started on a medication regimen of gabapentin for neuropathic pain,
phenobarbital again, and Onsior for inflammation. In addition, Cessna started
wearing a Thundershirt. He stayed with us at the hospital for 18 days as we
balanced his pain medications – little enough that he could walk around, eat,
and use the litterbox, but enough that he would ignore his tail. Over the time
that he was here, he grew continually more affectionate and well-mannered. He
began asking for attention, rather than hiding. He was allowed some exercise
time to sit in the office with the doctors while they worked on paperwork, and
he sat on the cat tree with Mr. A.
Cessna became more outgoing after a while
At first, the Thundershirt was hard for him, because he wanted to curl up in a
ball and not move with it on, but by the time he was discharged, he was jumping
up into laps for cuddle time. Our entire staff enjoyed his antics as he became
more adventurous and learned how to steal tuna fish from Dr. Demos, or snuck
through the door to visit the receptionists. On July 6 th, we took
his sutures out and for the rest of the morning, he was angry at his tail again,
so we gave him an injection of Simbadol, which is a long-acting pain medication.
We suspect that his tail was a little painful again, because we meddled with
the tail and scrubbed it to clean the incision area.
On July 7, he went home to his family, and the purrs that rumbled out of his
chest were so loud they could be heard across the room! We are hoping that he
continues to improve over the next few weeks so that we can stop his
medications and continue with just the Thundershirt. We’ll have him wear the
Thundershirt for another couple weeks after that before we have his family try
to take it off. At that time, we hope that his life can get back to normal –
his long tale cut short for good reason!
Environmental enrichment (tuna in a cup) becomes Cessna's preferred method of keeping his tail safe
Case Report: Tangled Newborn Kittens - 04/21/2017
Being a veterinarian can be very humbling, sometimes, because no matter how long a veterinarian practices, there is still the likelihood that each day, they may see something they have never seen before. Exclusively Cats Veterinary Hospital has been around for 25 years, and Dr. Bailey has been practicing even longer than that, and he observed, "In all my years of practice, I have never seen anything like this before!"
Dr. Brooks was presented with 5 kittens that were two days old, born to a feral mother that had been trapped. The foster owner had not been able to access the kittens well, because the mother cat would not let her near them, and she did not want to disturb the litter because all the kittens seemed to be nursing well and appeared active and content. That morning, the mother cat had moved away from the kittens and it became apparent that something was wrong. One of the kittens was nursing on the mother cat, but the other 5 kittens were together in a pile across the cage, struggling and crying. When she reached into the cage to pick up one of the kittens to check on it, she realized that it somehow seemed to be stuck to the other 5 kittens!
Desperately, the foster owner called veterinary hospital after veterinary hospital, looking for help. Time after time, she was told that there was nothing the hospital could offer, or that they didn't work with neonatal kittens. Finally, when she called Exclusively Cats, we told her to rush the kittens in. When she arrived, Dr. Brooks discovered that the kittens were entangled in their umbilical cords. Often, young cats do not know enough to separate kittens from the placenta effectively, and this can cause complications. Sometimes, kittens may end up missing tails or legs because the mother cat is unaware of what she is doing, and in this case, because she only separated a couple of kittens, the rest became ensnared as they moved around. At first, they were happily nursing, but as time went on, they became even more tangled and eventually, the mother cat abandoned them across the cage, because she couldn't figure out what to do.
Immediately, all of our technicians started dropping what they were doing to come to the aid of the kittens. Some held small feet and tails out of the way of Dr. Brooks' work, while she attempted to disentangle them, others weighed, cleaned, fed and warmed the kittens as they were separated. Two of the kittens had hind limbs that were too badly injured to save, and two kittens had umbilical hernias, so Dr. Bailey also jumped in as we cleaned and prepped four of the kittens for emergency surgery. Two leg amputations and two abdominal surgeries later, all five kittens were warm, fed and snuggling in warmed blankets. They received antibiotics and tube feedings because they would not drink from a bottle and the mother had not allowed them to feed recently. At that age, too, kittens cannot urinate or defecate on their own - the mother must stimulate them to eliminate, and so all the kittens were "pottied" as well.
Once all the kittens were recovered, fed and warmed, we taught the foster mom how to tube feed them, if necessary and sent them home. We hoped that they could be re-introduced to the mother so that they could nurse. The prognosis for the tangled kittens is very grave, as there is a huge risk
of infection in kittens so small, and with such daunting beginnings. Fortunately, as soon as they were put back with their mother, she accepted them and they started nursing! this is great news, since they will do better with their mother's milk than with kitten milk replacer.
Overnight, one of the kittens who had an abdominal hernia passed away. Two days later, the foster mom brought in the kittens to weigh them. One of the kittens was euthanized due to a septic infection in the leg that was amputated. All the other kittens gained weight, but the kitten that was not part of the entanglement outweighs the others by about 40 grams! Hopefully, with heavy doses of antibiotics and close observation and care, the rest of the kittens will survive this ordeal!
Meet our Holiday Kitties: Snickers and Skittles! - 12/12/2016
SNICKERS AND SKITTLES
Snickers (orange and white)-age 16.5, 10lbs & Skittles (white)- age 14.5, 13 lbs.
Skittles has one green and one blue eye.
Both are Russian Siberians
They have been patients with Exclusively Cats since they were kittens.
Mommy adopted me (Snickers) first from a breeder and then I told her I was lonely so she got Skittles from a different breeder. She got us from a breeder because at the time the person she was living with was allergic, and we are considered hypo-allergenic because we have very low levels of the dander protein that many are allergic to, called FeL d 1.
We love to go outside in our tent and are good buddies. We like to play fight and even though I am smaller, I still beat up Skittles and mom has to break up our fights.
Me in my window
I'm the life of the party!
Hi! I am mommy’s little person.I sleep on her head every night We have a
great bond as I have been with her for a long time.She says I am emotionally in tune with her
and people: if someone is sick, I take care of them and I always know when mommy
needs cheering up.I even greet
everyone as they come in.As you can see
I really love the Christmas tree.When
the tree isn’t up I like to lounge in the window and get my sun on or sleep on
the top of my cat post.When I
occasionally feel like playing, I love the little mice that shake and the laser
beam.I am a very social cat so I am
always at the dinner table…usually I sit on the floor and hope food comes my way, but
when one of the seats is open...I take it!I also like to drink my water out of a Dixie cup on the bathroom sink.
It is always filled up as I am being monitored for kidney disease.I love to eat, and wet food is my
favorite.I also am always looking for
cat treats but Cool Whip and turkey are my favorites!The team at Exclusively Cats is great but I
turn into a very bad boy at the vet.I
think I have scratched everyone there. :( Mommy feels bad about it and now I have to be
put under sedation for some procedures.
have to be in on the action.
I love the holidays!
My little brother (see what I did there? He is small in the photo!) showing off his three legs
Skittles' beautiful eyes
This is Skittles, he is my little brother.We are very different as he is always the
nonsocial one and runs and hides when people come to visit.However, that mellow attitude makes him a
good boy at the vet, unlike me.He loves
the dry food more than wet which I think is crazy.He also loves the occasional small piece of
cheesy puffs but doesn’t beg so that means more food for me!Skittles is on special dry food because about
10 years ago he got a urinary blockage but we caught it in time and now he is
good.While I like to snuggle, he loves
to be roughed up.It is not unusual for
him to yell and run around the house for no reason. He also likes the laser and
our new cat dancer toy.
In May of 2015
mom noticed a very small lump on his back leg. After visiting Dr. Bailey for a check-up, we
found out the lump was a fibrosarcoma that maybe he got from being vaccinated. Mommy decided to have surgery performed, since amputation
was the best option to try to rid him of the cancer.It’s almost 2 years and he is still cancer
free.It’s funny but his personality
has really changed since the surgery.We
call him “thumper” because you can always here him coming. :)He is so much more outgoing and is out and
around all the time now.He has a stool
to help him get on the big bed that is one of his favorite places.He is also demanding and yells at mom and dad
when he wants them to sit on the couch so he can come up and lay on them on the
blanket.He has even become a snuggler
in bed. I think he has become daddy’s boy. He isn’t any different to any of us as a
tripod. No one wants to hear the word cancer, but if it is an option to amputate
do it.Cats are so resilient and we
couldn’t imagine not having these moments with him!